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European IIS 10 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How To Fix "Unrecognized attribute targetFramework" Error?

clock September 12, 2018 08:50 by author Peter

We may get the following error after publishing a website on IIS.

Parser Error Message
"Unrecognized attribute 'targetFramework'. Note that attribute names are case-sensitive."

To fix it, we need to follow the below troubleshooting steps.

  1. Check on which .NET version the application is developed. Let's assume, it's .NET 4.0.
  2. Open IIS Manager and find the Application Pool, on which your website is hosted.
  3. Go to that Application Pool and check the .NET version and change it to 4.0 accordingly by clicking on Basic\Advanced Settings.
    If .NET 4.0 is not listed, go ahead and install it.
  4. If it still won't show up, go to command prompt and fire the below command to find a list of ASP.NET versions installed:
    C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319>aspnet_regiis.exe -lv

    In the output, if .NET 4.0 is not listed, register it by firing the below command:
    C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319>aspnet_regiis.exe -I.
  5. It should show up as .NET 4.0 in the .NET Framework Version dropdown for the application pool.



European IIS 10 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Configuring Nano Server For Remote Connections

clock July 25, 2018 11:18 by author Peter

Here, we are going to connect with the Docker engine remotely using PowerShell. For this, we can either use our local machine or a VM. Before we proceed further, make sure that your Nano Server is up and running.

Step 1 Downloading the Docker Daemon and extracting them
Create a variable that references the zip file which is in the official docker website. This zip file will have the Docker engine data that is required to create the client and server. Open the PowerShell with administrator privileges and run the below given command.

This will assign the link to that variable named,

$package = "https://download.docker.com/components/engine/windows-server/cs-1.12/docker.zip"

The next step is to invoke a web request to get the link that has been referenced in the variable called. Then, the file will be stored in a temporary storage by getting downloaded from the Docker site. For this, we have to run the following command.
Invoke-WebRequest $package ` -OutFile "$env:TEMP\docker.zip" ` -UseBasicParsing

Now, we shall expand the downloaded zip file to the programming files of our machine. For this, run -
Expand-Archive -Path "$env:TEMP\docker.zip" `
-DestinationPath $env:ProgramFiles


The final step is to create an environment variable that will add the Docker directory to the path daemon. Run the command
[Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("Path", $env:Path + ";$($env:ProgramFiles)\Docker", [EnvironmentVariableTarget]::Machine)

Nano Server
Now, we have finished installing the Docker (client) and Dcokerd (engine) in "Program Files" folder. Check for these inside the Docker folder.

Step 2 Creating Environment variable to connect Docker easily
Here, Docker is client and Dockerd is engine. Now, we are going to configure an environment variable that will store the DNS name of our Nano Server and connect with it. For this, run the below command.
[Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("DOCKER_HOST","nanoserver007.southindia.cloudapp.azure.com",[EnvironmentVariableTarget]::Machine)

Note - Replace the DNS name with your Nano Server DNS or IP.

Now, open the new PowerShell console and run the command "docker version" . This will show you the client (Docker) and engine (Dockerd). This means we have created a connection in between these two services which we have actually downloaded from the Docker website.



European IIS 10 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Publish Website On IIS Using AppCmd

clock July 18, 2018 11:36 by author Peter

In this article, we will learn the most useful and powerful command line tool, AppCmd, for publishing or hosting a website on IIS. Using the AppCmd tool, we can host static as well as a dynamic website (ASP.NET Webform, MVC, Dot Net Core etc) easily.

Description
I assume you are aware of (or have knowledge of) how to Host or Publish Website in IIS using inetmgr. This will help you understand AppCmd.exe.
AppCmd.exe is the command line tool for managing IIS 7 and above. It provides an easy way to manage a website without Graphical User Interface.

Some of the things you can do with AppCmd,

  • Create and configure sites, apps, application pools, and virtual directories
  • Start and stop sites, and recycle application pools
  • Search, manipulate, export, and import IIS and ASP.NET configuration


How to Use AppCmd.exe
The AppCmd.exe command line is built on top of a set of top-level server management objects, such as Site and Application. These objects expose methods that can be used to perform various actions on those objects, and object instances expose properties that can be inspected and manipulated.

AppCmd.exe is located in the %systemroot%\system32\inetsrv\ directory. Because it is not a path of the PATH automatically, you need to use the full path to the executable when executing commands like in %systemroot%\system32\inetsrv\AppCmd.exe list sites. Alternatively, you can manually add the inetsrv directory to the path on your machine so that you can access AppCmd.exe directly from any location.

Note
Run Command Prompt as Administrator to using AppCmd.
In this article, we learn basic command to host websites.

List all available commands and actions in AppCmd
AppCmd
AppCmd /?

From the above screenshot, it is clear that Command Prompt is run as administrator and run AppCmd which return list of supported Command.
List all hosted or published websites in IIS.
    AppCmd List Site

In the above screenshot, I have run List Site command which returns all published site with bindings and state of site e.g. Started or Stop.

Create the website using AppCMD
    APPCMD add site /name:WebByAppCMD /bindings:"http/*:94:" /physicalPath:"C:\Users\Mepani\Desktop\2018 Article\Kendo Grid" -virtualDirectoryDefaults.userName:USERNAME -virtualDirectoryDefaults.password:PASSWORD

For any website hosting we require information as above like Site Name, Bindings (Protocal, hostname), Physical Path, Credential for access or permission to folder path.
Sometimes, if you don't provide access/permission to a physical path then you might be getting Access denied error.
View Newly Hosted or published website
    appcmd.exe list site "WEbByAppCMD"

Start and stop hosted or publish a website
    appcmd.exe start site "WEbByAppCMD"
    appcmd.exe stop site "WEbByAppCMD"


Delete or remove published or hosted website from IIS
    appcmd.exe delete site "WEbByAppCMD"

App CMD Create website
In the above screenshot, we have covered all the above site commands except delete. Possible issue or challenges might be faced during command line website hosting niclude,

  • Site name already created
  • Port is already in use
  • Bad Request -Invalid hostname

Hope you enjoyed this and learned a new way to host or publish a website using AppCmd.

 



European IIS Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Enable Reverse DNS Lookup in IIS

clock February 21, 2017 10:37 by author Scott

This article explains how to enable reverse Domain Name System (DNS) lookup for all versions of Internet Information Services (IIS).

When reverse DNS lookups are enabled on the web server, the IP address of each web client that connects to the IIS server is resolved to a DNS name, and the DNS name instead of the web client IP address is placed in the IIS log files.  Enabling reverse DNS also affects what CGI and ISAPI extensions see as a value of the Remote_Host variable.

Microsoft KB article 297795 gives a step-by-step demonstration how to enable RDNS for IIS4, IIS5 and IIS6, but all you need to do is run the following in a command prompt from the ADScripts folder:

For IIS4 run:

adsutil set w3svc/EnableReverseDNS TRUE

For IIS5 and IIS6 run:

cscript adsutil.vbs set /wesvc/EnableReverseDNS "TRUE"

In IIS7, you must install the IP and Domain Restrictions role service for the Web Server (IIS) role.  You can do this in Server Manager or from the command line using the following command:

ServerManagerCMD -install Web-IP-Security

In Windows Server 2008 R2, the ServerManagerCMD.exe program is deprecated and has been replaced with the ServerManager Powershell cmdlets.  The following two cmdlets are used to install the IP and Domain Restrictions role service:

Import-Module ServerManager
Add-WindowsFeature Web-IP-Security

Now that the role service is installed, you can configure reverse DNS lookups, as follows:

  • Open Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  • Navigate to the Server Name in the Connections pane.  If you only want to enable reverse lookups on a particular website, navigate to that website.
  • Double-click IP Address and Domain Restrictions in the center pane and click Edit Feature Settings in the Actions pane.
  • Put a checkmark in Enable domain name restrictions and click OK.

You will see the following warning:

Restricting access by domain name requires a DNS reverse lookup on each connection. This is a very expensive operation and will dramatically affect server performance. Are you sure you want to enable restrictions based on domains?

Clicking Yes will enable reverse lookups for all clients connecting to the web server.  I have not noticed any more than a 1-2% increase in CPU performance and the websites are just as performant as before.

Each of these changes go into effect immediately.  There is no need to restart IIS.



European IIS 10 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Fixing Common Errors While Hosting Web API In IIS?

clock February 9, 2017 08:46 by author Peter

While publishing Web API using Visual Studio, you may run into some errors. This article helps to provide the solution to the possible errors that will occur. When you publish the Web API from Visual Studio, the following error may possibly come up.

Output class library not set error while hosting web API
OutputPath property is not set for project 'Company.Directory.Web.csproj'. Please check to make sure that you have specified a valid combination of Configuration and Platform for this project. Configuration=Release Platform='AnyCPU'. You may be seeing this message because you are trying to build a project without a solution file, and have specified a non-default Configuration or Platform that doesn't exist for this project.

Solution

When you try to publish for the first time, one of the reasons for the above error to pop up is due to the incorrect settings in .csproj.user file of the solution.

Open the .csproj.user file in the solution and change the settings in the file.

Add the following code in the file.
    <PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Debug|AnyCPU' "> 
        <DebugSymbols>true</DebugSymbols> 
        <DebugType>full</DebugType> 
        <Optimize>false</Optimize> 
        <OutputPath>bin\</OutputPath> 
        <DefineConstants>DEBUG;TRACE</DefineConstants> 
        <ErrorReport>prompt</ErrorReport> 
        <WarningLevel>4</WarningLevel> 
    </PropertyGroup> 
    <PropertyGroup Condition=" '$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Release|AnyCPU' "> 
        <DebugType>pdbonly</DebugType> 
        <Optimize>true</Optimize> 
        <OutputPath>bin\</OutputPath> 
        <DefineConstants>TRACE</DefineConstants> 
        <ErrorReport>prompt</ErrorReport> 
        <WarningLevel>4</WarningLevel> 
    </PropertyGroup> 
    <PropertyGroup Condition="'$(Configuration)|$(Platform)' == 'Dev|AnyCPU'"> 
        <DebugSymbols>true</DebugSymbols> 
        <OutputPath>bin\</OutputPath> 
        <DefineConstants>DEBUG;TRACE</DefineConstants> 
        <DebugType>full</DebugType> 
        <PlatformTarget>AnyCPU</PlatformTarget> 
        <ErrorReport>prompt</ErrorReport> 
        <CodeAnalysisIgnoreBuiltInRuleSets>false</CodeAnalysisIgnoreBuiltInRuleSets> 
        <CodeAnalysisIgnoreBuiltInRules>false</CodeAnalysisIgnoreBuiltInRules> 
        <DeployIisAppPath>Port 80/directory/dev</DeployIisAppPath> 
    </PropertyGroup> 

Solution to 500.19 internal server error while hosting Web API


Solution

The above error will pop up when you do not have the permission to access the folder/web.config file.

  •     In Windows Explorer, locate the web.config file that is associated with the Web site.
  •     Right-click the web.config file
  •     Click Properties.
  •     Click the Security tab, and then click Edit.
  •     Click Add.
  •     In the Enter the object names to select box, IUSR, click Check Names, and then click OK.
  •     Click to select the Read check box, and then click OK.
  •     In the Web.config Properties dialog box, click OK.


Solution to 500.21 internal server error while hosting Web API


Solution

One of the reasons for the error 500.21 Internal Server Error to pop up, is when ASP.NET is not installed completely in your system.
    Run the command prompt as administrator.
    Type the line in the command prompt below any one.

    %windir%\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\aspnet_regiis.exe -i
    or
    %windir%\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\aspnet_regiis.exe -I


Solution to login for application pool access error is denied while hosting Web API


Solution

Create the application pool in IIS by selecting the .NET version which your project supports. When creating the site in the default application in IIS for Web API, select the application pool which you have created. The above error will pop up if the application pool which you have created has a built in account selected.

For reference - go to: "Advanced Setting->Process->Identity” of the application pool which you have created. Change the application pool identity to custom account and click on set button to provide the account credentials. Once you have set the setting, refresh/reset IIS to resolve the above error.

Access Denied Error while hosting Web API

Solution
The above error will pop up if the solution directory (folder) doesn’t have required permissions.
To resolve the issue follow the steps given in “500.19 : internal server error”.

 



European IIS Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Fix "Could not establish trust relationship for the SSL/TLS secure channel" Error

clock December 6, 2016 10:45 by author Scott

One of our clients receive this error message when deploying his ASP.NET application.

“System.Net.WebException: The underlying connection was closed: Could not establish trust relationship for the SSL/TLS secure channel.”. Here is how we solved that issue.

There are 3 related and important issues:

1. the remote site uses a Server Name Indication (SNI) certificate, installed on a different domain name
2. the web application was published to a IIS 6.0 (Windows Server 2003) web server
3. a System.Security.Authentication.AuthenticationException: The remote certificate is invalid according to the validation procedure. This error message is caused because the process is not able to validate the certificate supplied by the server during an HTTPS (SSL) request

IIS 6.0 + Server Name Indication (SNI) certificates = System.Net.WebException #

A Server Name Indication (SNI) certificate basically means that you can install oneSSL/TLS certificate on a web server, to use on multiple domain names. The TLS part takes the negotiation, and that enables the server to select the correct virtual domain early and present the browser with the certificate containing the correct name. Therefore with clients and servers that support SNI, a single IP address can be used to serve a group of domain names for which it is impractical to get a common certificate.

Windows Server 2003 (IIS 6.0), Windows Server 2008 (IIS 7.0) and Windows Server 2008 R2 (IIS 7.5) do not support SNI-certificates.

How to Solve this Error Message

You might wonder what the solution to this error message was. Well, simple: Move the website to an IIS 8.0+ (Windows Server 2012) web server. This version supports Server Name Indication certificates. Microsoft calls this SSL Scalability in IIS 8.0. Because of SNI, or SSL-scalability, support in Windows Server 2012, the ASP.NET System.Net.WebException went away.

It’s simple, right? :)

 



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.


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